Fernando Lopes-Graça and Fernando Araújo Ferreira’s Statues
If you are down by the river in Tomar, you may come across an interesting pair of gentlemen.
The statues portray Lopes-Graça and his childhood friend, Fernando Ferreira, engaged in a pleasant talk. They are sitting on a park bench, possibly, exchanging views and discussing different topics, like they used to do in life. A peculiar aspect of these statues is that they are sited on a bench with their backs turned to the river. Though this choice of posture may seem odd, it was adopted due to photographic reasons.
IN 2010 the city of Tomar celebrated 850 Years since the famous Castle Walls started to be built, in 1160AD. Here is a brief history of the city.
The region of Tomar has been inhabited for more than 30,000years, with many prehistoric remains, dating from the Paleolithic times.
In more recent times, the region experienced the settlements of Nabância (name given by the Lusitano, in honor of the god of water, Nava) and Sellium (founded in the 1st Century by the Emperor Augustus), on the Rio Nabão. At that time the people of the area were devoted to agriculture and mining.
October 2010 was the centenary of the First Republic in Portugal.
Revolution took place in 1910, it was a republican coup d'état that occurred in Portugal on 5 October, which deposed King Manuel II and established the Portuguese First Republic.
Prior to the coup, Prime Minister João Franco stepped down and went into exile. New elections were held, but factionalism prevented the formation of a stable government. On 1 October 1910, a visit by President Hermes da Fonseca of Brazil provided a pretext for extensive republican demonstrations. On 3 October the army refused to put down a mutiny on Portuguese warships anchored in the estuary of the Tagus River, and instead took up positions around Lisbon. On 4 October, two of the warships began to shell the royal palace, causing Manuel II and the royal family to flee to Britain. On 5 October, a provisional republican government was organized with the writer Teófilo Braga as President. Teófilo Braga held the office of President of the Provisional Government of the Portuguese Republic, from 6 October 1910 until 24 August 1911.
Here is a brief history of Portugal, although it is not a brief time as Portugal's History goes back to The Stone Age !!
10,000 - Upper Paleolithic (the Old Stone Age) period
5000 - 3000BC - Neolithic (New Stone Age) period
3000 - 1000BC - Bronze Age period
1104 - Portugal was ruled by the Phoenicians
258 - The Carthaginians conquered Portugal
15 - The Romans had begun to extend their empire into Portugal
416 - Portugal was ruled by the Visigoths
711 - Portugal was ruled by the Arabs (Moors)
739 - Portugal was ruled by the Leonese
905 - Navarre becomes a kingdom
1035 - King Sancho III of Navarre, Aragon and Castile dies and his lands become separate Kingdoms
1095 - The time of the Crusades. The Crusaders assist the Portuguese in defeating the Moors
1112 - Afonso inherits the County of Portugal, a province of Castile
1139 - 1580 - The Burgundy Dynasty
1272 - Afonso III conquers Faro from the Moors removing all Muslim communities from the country
1297 - King Dinis signs a treaty with Ferdinand IV of Castile to define the borders between Portugal and Spain
1394 - Henry the Navigator is born
1415 - Portugal conquers the city of Ceuta in northern Africa - the exploration of Africa begins
1419 - Madeira Islands are discovered
1427 - Diogo Silves discovers the Azores Islands
1469 - Vasco da Gama was born in Sines, Portugal
1497 July 8 - Vasco da Gama set out on expedidition to India via Africa stopping at Mombasa, Mozambique, Malindi, Kenya, and Quilmana trading centres
1498 May 20 - Vasco da Gama arrived in Calicut, India
1524 - December 24 - Vasco da Gama died
1491 - Bartolomeu Dias becomes the first European captain to cross the Cape of Good Hope
1498 - Vasco da Gama reaches India navigating around Africa
1500 - Pedro Alvares Cabral discovers Brazil
1549 - Saint Francis Xavier, a Portuguese missionary, arrived in Japan. The Portuguese were the most successful Europeans in initiating major trade agreements with the Japanese
1580 - 1640 The Habsburg Dynasty (Spanish rule)
1580 - Philip II of Spain becomes Philip I of Portugal and independence is lost to Spain
1640, December 1 - The Duke of Braganza becomes king ending Spanish control
1807 - Napoleon Bonaparte invades Portugal
1807 - Portugal adopts the name of the Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarve
1822 - Brazil declares independence
1910 - Portuguese Revolution ends the monarchy
1914 - 1918 - World War I
1926, May 28 - A Military coup brings fascist leaders to Portuguese government
1939 - 1945 - World War II in which Portugal did not participate
1974, April 25 - The Carnation Revolution ends the fascist regime
If you have any other interesting historical facts about Portugal let us know.
This is a massive subject to cover, but we will build up a resource of articles about all aspects and periods of Portugal's long History, which stretches back to the time of the Dinosaurs. We hope you will find this interesting and entertaining.
We will be starting with the New Republic, formed 5th October 1910 and celebrating it's Centenary in 2010.